Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Tourism – Introduction

Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Tourism - IntroductionIn most countries, especially low income countries, tourism is seen as a viable option for economic growth, but current unsustainable tourism practices can impact the health and well-being of the environment and community as well as tourism itself. Tourism industries often create negative impacts on the environment, society, culture, and sometimes even on the economy. However, few countries are using economic, regulatory or institutional policy instruments for tourism management (Logar, 2010). In most industries, corporate social responsibility (CSR) standards and practices have been developed by the private sector to respond to external pressure. In tourism, however, the use of codes of conduct and certification is not widespread and is not based as yet upon agreed international standards. It is difficult to make generalisations about CSR without first examining the context in which sustainable tourism operates, its demand and also assessing the numerous certification schemes, codes of conduct and best practices within the industry. According to the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Viet Nam National Administraton of Tourism, the conservation of our natural, cultural and aesthic resources, the protection of our environment, and a continued welcoming spirit among our enterprises, employees and within host communities, are essential conditions for sustainable tourism.
In the condition of higher living standard, people tend to spend a lot of money for entertainment and travel besides their basic needs for eating, clothing, and living. Occasionally in the Tet Holidays, there are 4.000 tourists from Ho Chi Minh travel abroad, increased 10% than 2010. Many destinations in Ho Chi Minh also attracted over 75.000 domestic tourists (Vinanet). This research is to examine the CSR and sustainable tourism in Ho Chi Minh City.